Eye & Vision Statistics
Aging and Vision
Lee, P.P., Z.W. Feldman, J. Ostermann, D.S. Brown, and F.A. Sloan. “Longitudinal Prevalence of Major Eye Diseases,”
Archives of Ophthalmology 121, no.9 (2003): 1303-1310.
Diabetes and Vision
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “
Self-reported Visual Impairment among Persons with Diagnosed Diabetes — United States 1997- 2010,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 160, no.45 (2011): 1549-1553. Kempen, J.H., B.J. O’Colmain, M.C. Leske, S.M. Haffner, R. Klein, S.E. Moss, and R.F. Hamman. “
The Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy Among Adults in the United States,” Archives of Ophthalmology 122, no.4 (2004): 552-563. Roy, M.S., R. Klein, B.J. O’Colmain, B.E. Klein, S.E. Moss, and J. H. Kempen. “
The Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy Among Adult Type 1 Diabetes Persons in the United States,” Archives of Ophthalmology 122, no.4 (2004): 546-551. Wong, T.Y., N. Cheung, W.T. Tay, J.J. Wang, T. Aung, S.M. Saw, and P. Mitchell. “
Prevalence and Risk Factors for Diabetic Retinopathy: The Singapore Malay Eye Study,” Ophthalmology 115, no.11 (2008): 1869-1875. Yau, et al. “
Global Prevalence and Major Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy,” Diabetic Care 35, no.3 (2012): 556-564. Zhang, X., J.B. Saaddine, C.F. Chou, M.F. Cotch, Y.J. Cheng, L.S. Geiss, and R. Klein. “
Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in the United States, 2005-2008,” JAMA 304, no.6 (2010): 649-656.
Workplace Injury, Illness, and Fatality Statistics (US Department of Labor, Occupational Health & Safety)
Work Related Injury Statistics Query System (Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)
National Diabetes Statistics (National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse)
Prevalence of Visual Impairment and Selected Eye Diseases Among Persons Aged ≥ 50 Years With and Without Diabetes (Centers for Disease Control, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report)
Bureau of Labor Statistics.
“Workplace Injuries Involving the Eyes, 2008,” Bureau of Labor Statistics, Record Number: 2011 ASI 6782-1.402. Kuhn, F., R. Morris, C.D. Witherspoon, and L. Mann. “
Epidemiology of Blinding Trauma in the United States Eye Injury Registry,” Ophthalmic Epidemiology 13, no.3 (2006): 209-216. Owens, P.L. and R. Mutter. “
Emergency Department Visits Related to Eye Injuries, 2008,” HCUP Statistical Brief #112. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2008. Rophy, M., S.A. Sinclair, S.G. Hostetler, and H. Xiang. “
Pediatric Eye Injury-Related Hospitalizations in the United States,” Pediatrics 117, no.6 (2006): e1263-e1271. May, D.R., F. Kuhn, R.E. Morris, C.D. Witherspoon, R.P. Danis, G.P. Matthews, and L. Mann. “The Epidemiology of Serious Eye Injuries from the United States Eye Injury Registry,”
Graefe’s Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 238, no.2 (2000): 153-157. Pizzarello, L.D. “Ocular Trauma: Time for Action,”
Ophthalmic Epidemiology 5, no.3 (1998): 115-116. Witherspoon, C.D., F. Kuhn, R. Morris, L. Mann. “Epidemiology of General and Sports Eye Injuries,”
Ophthalmology Clinics of North America 12, no.3 (1999): 333-343. Wong, T.Y. and J.M. Tielsch. “Epidemiology of Ocular Trauma,” Chapter 56 In
Duane’s Clinical Ophthalmology. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, 2008. Wong, T.Y., M.B., Seet, and C.L. Ang. “Eye Injuries in Twentieth Century Warfare: A Historical Perspective,”
Survey of Ophthalmology 41, no.6 (1997): 433-459.
Workplace Injury, Illness, and Fatality Statistics (U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Health & Safety Administration)
Vision Council of America.
The VICA Optical Industry Compendium: A Resource Guide for Industry Growth. Arlington, VA: Vision Council of America, 1999.
General Eye Care
Friedman, D.S., R.C., Wolfs, B.J. O’Colmain, B.E. Klein, H.R. Taylor, S. West, and J. Kempen. “
Prevalence of Open-Angle Glaucoma among Adults in the United States,” Archives of Ophthalmology 122, no.4 (2004): 532-538. Kawasaki, R., M. Yasuda, S.J. Song, S.J. Chen, J.B. Jonas, J.J. Wang, and T.Y. Wong. “The Prevalence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in Asians: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,”
Ophthalmology 117, no.5 (2010):921-927. Varjaranant, T.S., S. Wu, M. Torres, and R. Varma. “
The Changing Face of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma in the United States: Demographic and Geographic Changes from 2011 to 2050,” American Journal of Ophthalmology in press. Weih, L.M., M. Nanjan, C.A. McCarty, and H.R. Taylor. “Prevalence and Predictors of Open-Angle Glaucoma: Results from the Visual Impairment Project,”
Ophthalmology 108, no.11 (2001): 1966-1972.
Klein, R., C.F. Chou, B.E. Klein, X. Zhang, S.M. Meuer, and J.B. Saaddine. “
Prevalence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in the US Population,” Archives of Ophthalmology 129, no.1 (2011):75-80. Klein, R., B.E. Klein, M.D. Knudtson, S.M. Meuer, M. Swift, and R.E. Gangnon. “
Fifteen-Year Cumulative Incidence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration: The Beaver Dam Eye Study,” Ophthalmology 114, no.2 (2007): 253-262. Varma, R., A.W. Foong, M.Y. Lai, F. Choudhury, R. Klein, and S.P. Azen. “
Four-Year Incidence and Progression of Age-Related Macular Degeneration: The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study,” American Journal of Ophthalmology 149, no.5 (2010): 741-751. Friedman, D.S., et al. “Prevalence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration in the United States,”
Archives of Ophthalmology 122, no.4 (2004): 564-572. Tomany, S.C., et al. “Risk Factors for Incident Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Pooled Findings from 3 Continents,”
Ophthalmology 111, no.7 (2004): 1280-1287.
McLaughlin, C.C., X.C. Wu, A. Jemal, H.J. Martin, L.M. Roche, and V.W. Chen. “
Incidence of Noncutaneous Melanomas in the U.S.,” Cancer 103, no.5 (2005): 1000-1007. Scelo, G., P. Boffetta, P. Autier, K. Hemmini, E. Pukkala, J.H. Olsen, P. Brennan, et al. “
Associations between Ocular Melanoma and Other Primary Cancers: An International Population-Based Study,” International Journal of Cancer 120, no.1 (2007): 152-159. Singh, A.D., M.E. Turell, and A.K. Topham. “
Uveal Melanoma: Trends in Incidence, Treatment, and Survival,” Ophthalmology 118, no.9 (2011): 1881-1885. Virgili, G., G. Gatta, L. Ciccolallo, R. Capocaccia, A. Biggeri, E. Crocetti, and E. Paci. “
Incidence of Uveal Melanoma in Europe,” Ophthalmology 114, no.12 (2007): 2309-2315. Singh, A.D. and A. Topham. “Survival Rate with Uveal Melanoma in the United States: 1973-1997,”
Ophthalmology 110, no.5 (2003): 962-965. Singh, A.D. and A. Topham. “Incidence of Uveal Melanoma in the United States: 1973-1997,”
Ophthalmology 110, no.5 (2003): 956-961. Yu, G.P., D.N. Hu, S. McCormick, and P.T. Finger. “Conjunctival Melanoma: Is it Increasing in the United States?”
American Journal of Ophthalmology 135, no.6 (2003): 800-806.
Ocular Disorders in Women
Dinn, R. B., A. Harris, and P.S. Marcus. “Ocular Changes in Pregnancy,”
Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey 58, no.2 (Feb. 2003): 137-144. Figueroa, F.X., and L.C. Snady-McCoy. “Ocular Disorders in Women,”
Rhode Island Magazine 78 (1995): 352-355.
Duffey, R.J. and D. Leaming. “Trends in Refractive Surgery in the United States,”
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 30, no.8 (2004): 1781-1785.
Ko, F., S. Vitale, C. Chou, M.F. Cotch, J. Saaddine, and D.S. Friedman. “
Prevalence of Nonrefractive Visual Impairment in US Adults,” JAMA 308, no.22 (2012):2361-2368. Pascolini, D. and S.P. Mariotti. “
Global Estimates of Visual Impairment: 2010,” British Journal of Ophthalmology 96, no.5 (2012): 614-618. Ryskulova, A., K. Turczyn, D.M. Makuc, M.F. Cotch, R.J. Klein, and R. Janiszewski. “
Self-Reported Age-Related Eye Diseases and Visual Impairment in the United States: Results of the 2002 National Health Interview Survey,” American Journal of Public Health 98, no.3 (2008): 454-461. Ong, S.Y., C.Y. Cheung, X. Li, E. Lamoureux, et al. “Visual impairment, Age-Related Diseases, and Cognitive Function: The Singapore Malay Eye Study,”
Archives of Ophthalmology in press. Resnikoff, S., D. Pascolini, S.P. Mariotti, and G.P. Pokharel.
“Global Magnitude of Visual Impairment Caused by Uncorrected Refractive Errors in 2004,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 86 (2008): 63-70. Buch, H. T. Vinding, and N.V. Nielsen. “Prevalence and Causes of Visual Impairment According to World Health Organization and United States Criteria in an Aged, Urban Scandinavian Population: the Copenhagen City Eye Study,”
Ophthalmology 108, no.12 (2001): 2347-2357. Congdon, N.G., et al. “Causes and Prevalence of Visual Impairment Among Adults in the United States,”
Archives of Ophthalmology 122, no.4 (2004): 477-485. Congdon, N.G., D.S. Friedman, and T. Lietman. “Important Causes of Visual Impairment in the World Today,”
Journal of the American Medical Association 290, no.15 (2003): 2057-2060.
Lennie, P. and S.B. Van Hemel. Editors.
. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2002. Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Pascolini, D., et al. “2002 Global Update of Available Data on Visual Impairment: A Compilation of Population-based Prevalence Studies,”
Ophthalmic Epidemiology 11, no.2 (2004): 67-115. Resnikoff, S., et al. “
Global Data on Visual Impairment in the Year 2002,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 82, no.11 (2004): 844-851. Roth Nissen, K., A.K. Sjolie, H. Jensen, K. Borch-Johnsen, and T. Rosenberg. “The Prevalence and Incidence of Visual Impairment in People of Age 20-59 Years in Industrialized Countries: A Review,”
Ophthalmic Epidemiology 10, no.4 (2003): 279-291. Varma, R., M. Ying-Lai, R. Klein, and S.P. Azen. “Prevalence and Risk Indicators of Visual Impairment and Blindness in Latinos: The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study,” Ophthalmology 111, no.6 (2004): 1132-1140.
Vision 2020. Vision 2020 is an initiative for the elimination of avoidable blindness by the WHO and the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB). Schaumberg, D.A. and M.R. Dana. “The Epidemiology of Blindness: A Global Review,”
Practical Optometry 7 (1996): 192-196. Thylefors, B., A.D. Negrel, R. Pararajasegaram, and K.y. Dadzie. “Available Data on Blindness (Update 1994),”
Ophthalmic Epidemiology 2, no.1 (1995): 5-39.
Prevention of Blindness and Visual Impairment Data Maps (World Health Organization)
Last Updated: 4/4/2017